The circumstance or condition of apprehending truth or fact through reasoning. To think abstractly as measured by objective criteria; the skilled use of reason. Formal proceedings (administrative or legal) as in procedural due process; a judicial requirement that enacted laws may not contain provisions that result in unfair, arbitrary, or unreasonable treatment of an individual; as in substantive due process. Accumulated philosophic or scientific learning; insight; good judgement. Capacity for exertion or endurance; the quality or state of being strong; power to resist force. The quality of being actual; information presented as having objective reality; to actually exist or to have occurred. A principle governing action or procedure; a means of redressing wrongs; something established as being compatible or enforceable through a controlling authority. The state of being the case; fact; the body of real things, events, and facts; the property of being in accord with fact or reality. Fairness and straightforwardness of conduct; adherence to the facts; sincerity. Faith or belief that one will act in a right, proper, or effective way; the quality or state of being certain; certitude. A comprehensive and fundamental law, doctrine, or assumption; a rule or code of conduct; habitual devotion to right principles; the laws or facts of nature; a primary source or origin. The quality of being just, impartial, or fair; the principle or ideal of just dealing or right action; righteousness; conformity to truth, fact, or reason; correctness. An underlying ground, theory, or principle. A group of studies consisting of grammar, rhetoric, and logic; the lower division of the seven liberal arts to quadrivium. Mental or moral strength to venture, presevere, and withstand danger, fear, or difficulty.
The sacred rights of mankind are not to be rummaged for, among old parchments, or musty records. They are written, as with a sun beam, in the whole volume of human nature, by the hand of the divinity itself; and can never be erased or obscured by mortal power.
» Alexander Hamilton