The circumstance or condition of apprehending truth or fact through reasoning. To think abstractly as measured by objective criteria; the skilled use of reason. Formal proceedings (administrative or legal) as in procedural due process; a judicial requirement that enacted laws may not contain provisions that result in unfair, arbitrary, or unreasonable treatment of an individual; as in substantive due process. Accumulated philosophic or scientific learning; insight; good judgement. Capacity for exertion or endurance; the quality or state of being strong; power to resist force. The quality of being actual; information presented as having objective reality; to actually exist or to have occurred. A principle governing action or procedure; a means of redressing wrongs; something established as being compatible or enforceable through a controlling authority. The state of being the case; fact; the body of real things, events, and facts; the property of being in accord with fact or reality. Fairness and straightforwardness of conduct; adherence to the facts; sincerity. Faith or belief that one will act in a right, proper, or effective way; the quality or state of being certain; certitude. A comprehensive and fundamental law, doctrine, or assumption; a rule or code of conduct; habitual devotion to right principles; the laws or facts of nature; a primary source or origin. The quality of being just, impartial, or fair; the principle or ideal of just dealing or right action; righteousness; conformity to truth, fact, or reason; correctness. An underlying ground, theory, or principle. A group of studies consisting of grammar, rhetoric, and logic; the lower division of the seven liberal arts to quadrivium. Mental or moral strength to venture, presevere, and withstand danger, fear, or difficulty.
Liberty cannot be preserved without a general knowledge among the people, who have a right, from the frame of their nature, to knowledge, as their great Creator, who does nothing in vain, has given them understandings, and a desire to know; but besides this, they have a right, an indisputable, unalienable, indefeasible, divine right to that most dreaded and envied kind of knowledge; I mean, of the characters and conduct of their rulers.
» John Adams